One of pressing problem in the capital city remains unsolved: namely, chaotic spatial planning and its further consequences for the environment, including exacerbating flood disasters, and for vulnerable groups who need state the most—the poor.

Amalinda Savirani served as survey coordinator and a political scientist from UGM, said that this was the perception of people because welfare security was only trumpeted by political hopefuls when campaigning, Wednesday (2/6).

Land and agrarian conflict is one of the biggest national development challenges facing Indonesia. Government agencies have traditionally had the authority to make their own sectoral maps, but no one standardized map existed, resulting in overlapping and conflicting claims to land.

Constitutional Court decision that allows single candidate in the elections need to be followed by improvement of political parties in performing regeneration. "It takes a good welcome (decision of the Court), but it needs an evaluation or improvement of the regeneration of the political parties that keep an adequate supply of candidates in the next regional elections," said political analyst Gadjah Mada University, Abdul Ghafar Karim in Yogyakarta, Sunday (04/10/2015), as quoted by Antara.

How can we understand the form of political participation among Indonesians over the past years? From a general impression, it would be easy for us to conclude that political participation has increased as political rights, such as freedom of expression, freedom to form association, are now guaranteed.

Observers predict that 2016 will be yet another dramatic year in Indonesian politics, with unresolved scandals and tensions carrying over from this year. Besides, 2015 also saw the National Mandate Party (PAN) ditch the opposition in support of Joko’s ruling coalition. Gadjah Mada University political expert Mada Sukmajati said the PAN would want something in return for its support – namely a seat or two in Joko’s cabinet, which could upset other coalition partners.

'€œOur government adopts a presidential system in which the president and vice president are elected directly by the people. This means that a representative-based mechanism to select regional heads is inconsistent with the current government system,'€ said Abdul Gaffar Karim, a political expert from Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, in a discussion Wednesday.