Indonesia has plentiful resources, even though no longer be an exporter of oil and gas. Indonesia still produces around 800,000 barrels per day.
"Seeing that riches, people always expects that the plentiful natural resources, oil and gas and coal, provide positive implications for well-being. If this is not achieved, people will refer to as mismanagement, or some are calling the resource curse," said Hasrul Hanif in Political Clinic, a live broadcast Programa 1 RRI Yogyakarta, on Tuesday (12/1).
Hanif reminded that referring to the constitutional mandate of Article 33, natural resources, particularly oil and gas is strategic public goods is not just a commodity in the chain of national and global energy trade.
"Therefore, the government should not only consider the efficiency of production and trade of oil and gas as well as the convenience of investment alone but also, furthermore, it should consider the aspect of energy security, social welfare and sustainability. Otherwise, we would like the chicken died in the granary, "he added.
Three things need to be observed in the reform of oil and gas governance. First of all, the reform should be placed within the framework of national security where energy security became one of the significant pillars. Energy security in the high energy consumption society like Indonesia is important keywords in maintaining national stability. In other words, all the discussion and design of a national strategic policy on governance should be addressed as part of the design of a national policy on national security and strategic industries, such as improvement of oil refineries policy, etc.
Furthermore, the exploration and exploitation of energy resources is basically dedicated to foster social welfare. Oil and gas governance reform should be able to facilitate the fit design of profit redistribution, not only in the context of relationship between center-region but also among the citizens themselves through various existing social policy schemes, such as education, health, and housing and infrastructure. Furthermore, not only the redistribution of profits, the existing resources governance is also able to anticipate risks and negative charges to the community or region. (ISW)